The Front Squat
The Front Squat challenges your thoracic spine, it involves more of the quadriceps and also:
– Is great to help transfer for Olympic lifting
– Can assist with mobility
The Back Squat puts more emphasis on the glutes as well as hamstrings, as well as:
– Putting less strain on the thoracic spine and more on the lumber
– Can be loaded
Which is better?
Personally I believe that each has its place, all depends on the athlete/individual. Some may want to load the posterior chain more, therefore they’ll incorporate back squats.
Some may just want to challenge the athletes/individual’s thoracic and will incorporate the front squat. Why not do both? Each has its place, and each, if progressed and periodised properly can lead to great benefits.